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Destinations in Karnataka

Karnataka state was formed on Nov 1, 1973. Karnataka's total land area is 1,91,791 sq.km. It accounts for 5.83 percent of the total area of the country (32.88 lakh sq.km) and ranks eighth among major States of the country in terms of size. Located in the southern part of the country, it is surrounded by other states like Maharashtra and Goa in the north, Tamil Nadu and Kerala in the south, Andhra Pradesh in the east and the Arabian Sea in the west. The state of Karnataka is situated approximately between the latitudes 11.5 and 18.5 North and the longitudes 74 and 78.5 East. The state's long and colourful history, and the many forts, temples, mosques, and churches make Karnataka a great place. The majority of the Karnataka state lies on the Deccan Plateau. Bangalore is the state capital. Karnataka is an enchanting land abounding in scenic beauty, rich is flora and fauna. It has pomp and pageantry of glorious traditions and marvels of modern engineering. Bijapur occupies the largest geographical area of the State with 8.89 per cent and Bangalore has the smallest area with only 1.94 per cent. Karnataka has always been at the forefront of industrial growth in India. With its inherent capabilities coupled with its enterprising citizens, Karnataka provides the ideal choice for investment opportunities. Karnataka is well known for producing some of the country's foremost statesmen, scholars and sportspersons, and is one of the major revenue rakers through its strong tourism industry. Majority of IT activity in Karnataka is concentrated in Bangalore. The state possesses six percent of the total water resources in the country as there are many rivers flowing through it

Mineral Resources

The State contains deposits of asbestos, bauxite, chromite, dolomite, gold, iron ore, kaolin, limestone, magnesite, manganese, ochre, quartz and silica sand. Karnataka is the sole producer of felsite and leading producer of gold (84%), moulding sand (63%) and fuchsite quartzite (57%). It has one of the oldest Geological Survey Department in the country, started as far back as 1880.

Water Resources

Karnataka accounts for about six per cent of the country's surface water resources of 17 lakh million cubic metres (Mcum). About 40 percent of this is available in the east flowing rivers and the remaining from west flowing rivers.

There are seven river basins with which their tributaries drain the State. The river systems include:

  • The Krishna System- Krishna, Tungabhadra,Vedavati, Hagari Malaprabha, Ghataprabha, Doni, Bhima.

  • The Kaveri System- Kaveri, Hemavati, Harangi,Kapila, Shimsha.

  • The Godavari - Manjra and Karanja

  • West flowing rivers - Kalinadi, Gagavali,Aghanashini, Sharavati, Varahi, Netravati.

  • North Pennar

  • South Pennar

  • Palar

Forests

Karnataka State has a geographical area of 1,91,791 sq. km of which 38,724 sq.km (20 per cent) is under the control of the Forest Department. The forests are classified as reserved (28,611 sq.km), protected (3,932 sq.km), unclassified (5,748 sq.km), village (124 sq.km) and private (309 sq.km)

The percentage of forest area to geographical in the State is less than the all-India average of about 23%, and 33% prescribed in the National Forest Policy.

Map of Karnataka

 

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