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Temples in Khajuraho, a town in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh,
located in Chhatarpur District, about 620 kilometres southeast of New
Delhi, are one of the most popular tourist destinations in India.
Khajuraho has the largest group of medieval Hindu and Jain temples,
famous for their erotic sculpture. The Khajuraho group of monuments
has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and is considered to
be one of the "seven wonders" of India.
The temples are grouped into three geographical divisions: western,
eastern and southern.
The Khajuraho temples are made of sandstone. The builders didn't use
mortar: the stones were put together with mortise and tenon joints and
they were held in place by gravity. This form of construction requires
very precise joints. The columns and architraves were built with
megaliths that weighed up to 20 tons. These temples of Khajuraho have
sculptures that look very realistic and are studied even today.
to 12th century temples of Khajuraho is the evidences of the
architectural geniuses during the times of Chandela dynasty. Situated
in Madhya Pradesh, India, Khajuraho oozes with passion, eroticism,
dance and music and other finesses of creative arts depicted in
sculpture and images of the temples. The 85 temples were built in
North Indian 'Nagara' style of architecture, though only 20 of them
have survived the rough weather conditions over long years of time.
The two richer distinctive groups of temples are the Western and
Eastern group of temples.
town of Khajuraho is much different from any other temple city of
India. It is not about religion and worshipping and deities. The
temples of Khajuraho are instead famous for the eroticism etched on
its walls in the form of sculptures. An amalgamation of science and
art of architecture, these 10th-11th century temples have a very
interesting legend behind them that connects them to the origin of
Chandela dynasty. It is said that in a fit of passion and lust, the
Moon God seduced and ravaged a beautiful Brahmin girls known as
Hemvati, resulting in the birth of Chandravarman (the founder of the
Chandela dynasty). Later, Chandravarman had a dream where his mother
requested him to make a temple, which would reveal all aspects of the
treasure of passion and erotic fantasy to the world.
The Khajuraho village surrounded by the mountains of Chatarpur
district of Madhya Pradesh is 395 Km southeast of Agra. Today this
village remains with 22 temples, which give us a glimpse of a golden
time of art and devotion at their peak. Out of 22 temples, two were
made from sandstone. The stone blocks were first carved and then the
interlocking pieces were assembled to form a temple. Each temple is
different from one another.
These groups of temples are entirely Hindu, and constitute some of the
finest examples of Chandela art at its peak. The largest being the
Kandhariya Mahadev, followed by a granite temple - Chaunsath Yogini.
The Chitragupta Temple is dedicated to the Sun God, while the
Vishwanath Temple sports a three-headed image of Brahma - the Creator
of the Universe. The Lakshmana Temple is superbly decorated, while the
Devi Jagdambi Temple is dedicated to Goddess Kali. Other temples in
the Western Group include the Varaha Temple with a nine-feet high
boar-incarnation of Lord Vishnu, the Matangeshwara Temple with a
eight-feet high lingam, and the Brahma Temple.
This group comprises of two historic Jain temples - the Adinath Temple
lavishly embellished with sculpted figures, and the Parsvanath Temple,
the largest Jain temple, sculpted with charming detail. There are
other shrines such as the Vamana Temple with apsaras in sensuous
poses, and the Javari Temple that has a richly-carved doorway.
This group has two impressive temples, mainly belonging to the 12th
century - the Chaturbhuja Temple, with a massive, carved image of
Vishnu, and the Duladeo Temple, one of the last temples of the
Chandela era, dedicated to Lord Shiva.